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Potassium Iodide


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Item Number: 84322
Manufacturer: Crown Labs
Manufacturer Part No: 84322

Potassium Iodide Tablets USP, 65 mg

Take potassium iodide only when public officials tell you. In a nuclear radiation emergency, radioactive iodine could be released into the air. Potassium Iodide protects only the thyroid gland from uptake of radioactive Iodine. Therefore, Potassium Iodide should be used along with other emergency measures that will be recommended to you by pubic officials If you are told to take this medicine, take it 1 time every 24 hours. Do not take it more often. More Potassium Iodide will not help you. Too much Potassium Iodide may increase the chances of side effects. Do not take this medicine if you know you are allergic to iodine (see SIDE EFFECTS below.

DESCRIPTION
Each light yellow, round, cross-scored Potassium Iodide tablet contains 65 mg of Potassium Iodide.

INDICATIONS
Potassium Iodide Tablets, USP is a thyroid blocking agent that is used in a nuclear radiation emergency only.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE
Use only as directed by public officials if a nuclear radiation emergency happens

Dose:
Adults over 18 years 2 tablets (whole a crushed) every day (130 mg)
Children over 12 years to 18 years 
(who weigh at least 150 pounds)
2 tablets (whole or crushed) every day(130 mg)
Children over 12 years to 18 years
(who weigh less than 150 pounds)
1 tablet (whole or crushed) or 8 teaspoons every day (65 mg)
Children over 3 years to 12 years 1 tablet (whole or crushed) or 8 teaspoons every day (65 mg)
Children over 1 month to 3 years 4 teaspoons every day (32.5 mg)
Babies at birth to 1 mouth 2 teaspoons every day (16.5 mg)
Tablets can be crushed and mixed in many liquids. To take the tablet in liquid solution, use
dosing directions under Making a Potassiurn Iodide Liquid Mixture

Take Potassium Iodide every day (every 24 hours) as directed by public officials Do not take more than 1 dose in 24 hours. More will not help you. Too much medicine may increase the chances of side effects.

Making a Potassium Iodide Liquid Mixture.
1. Put one 65 mg Potassium Iodide tablet into a small bowl and grid it into a fine powder using the back of a metal teaspoon against the inside of the bowl. The powder should not have any large pieces.

2. Add 4 teaspoons of water to the crushed Potassium Iodide powder in the bowl and mix until the Potassium Iodide Powder is dissolved in the water.

3. Take the Potassium Iodide water mixture solution made in step 2 and mix it with 4 teaspoons of low fat
white or chocolate milk, orange juice, flat soda, syrup or infant formula.

4 The Potassium Iodide liquid mixture will keep for up to 7 days in the refrigerator. It is recommended that
the Potassium Iodide liquid mixture be prepared weekly, Throw away unused portions.

The amount of Potassium Iodide (65 mg tablet) in the drink when mixed as described above is 8.125 mg per teaspoon The number of teaspoons of the drink. to give your child depends on your child's age as described in the following table.

Child's Age Give your child this amount in teaspoons
Over 12 to 18 years old
(who weigh less than 150 pounds)
8 teaspoons will give you a 65 mg dose
Over 3 to 12 years old 8 teaspoons will give you a 65 mg dose
Over I month to 3 years old 4 teaspoons will give you a 32,5 mg dose
Birth to 1 month 2 teaspoons will give you a 16.25 mg dose
Note: This is the amount to give your child for one single dose in teaspoons (not tablespoons).
You should give your child one dose each day as recommended by the public officials.

Pregnant or breast feeding women or babies under 1 month of age: Take !as directed above and call a doctor as soon as possible. Repeat dosing should be avoided. It is recommended that thyroid function be checked in babies less than 1 month of age that take Potassium Iodide. Women who are pregnant or breast feeding should also be checked by a doctor if repeat dosing is necessary Although these precautions should be taken, the benefits of short-term use of Potassium Iodide to block uptake of radioactive iodine by the thyroid gland far exceed its chances of side effects,

Patients with thyroid disease: If you have both a nodular thyroid condition such as multinodular goiter with heart disease, You should not take Potassium Iodide. Patients with other thyroid conditions may take as directed above but call a doctor if you need to take Potassium Iodide for more than a few days

WARNING
People who are allergic to Iodide: have dermatitis herpetiformis or hypocompIementemic vasculitis, or have nodular thyroid disease with heart disease should not take Potassium Iodide. Keep out of the reach of children. In case of an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing, speaking, swallowing; wheezing; shortness of breath or swelling of the mouth or throat), call 911 or get medical care right away. In the case of overdose get medical help or call a Poison Control Center right away.

HOW POTASSIUM IODIDE WORKS
Certain forms of iodine help your thyroid gland work right. Most people get the iodine they need from foods like iodized salt or fish. The thyroid can store or hold only a certain amount of iodine. In a nuclear radiation Emergency radioactive iodine maybe released in the air. This material may be breathed or swallowed. It may enter the thyroid gland and damage it. The damage would probably not show itself for years. Children are most likely to have thyroid damage

If you take Potassium Iodide, it will block or reduce the chance that radioactive iodine will enter the thyroid gland.

WHO SHOULD NOT TAKE POTASSIUM IODIDE
People should avoid Potassium Iodide if they are allergic to iodine, have dermatitis herpetiformis or hypocomplementemic vasculitis, or have nodular thyroid disease with heart disease, because these conditions may increase the chances of side effects to iodine.

HOW AND WHEN TO TAKE POTASSIUM IODIDE
Potassium Iodide should be taken as soon as possible after public officials tell you If you are to repeat the dose: You should take the second dose 24 hours after the first dose. Do not take it sooner. More Potassium Iodide will not help you because the thyroid can hold only certain amount of iodine. Taking more than 1 dose per day will increase the chances of side effects. The public officials will tell you how many days to take Potassium Iodide. You should take Potassium Iodide until the chances of major exposure to radioactive iodine by breathing or swallowing stops.

SIDE EFFECTS
Short term use of Potassium Iodide at the recommended dose is safe You should not take this drug for longer than you are told.

Possible side effects include: swelling of the salivary glands, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach ache, fever, headache, metallic taste, and allergic reactions. Allergic reactions can include:

  • Skin rashes such as hives
  • Swelling of various parts or the body such as the face, lips, tongue, throat, hands or feet
  • Fever with joint pain
  • Trouble breathing speaking or swallowing
  • Wheezing or shortness of breath

Get side attention right away if you have trouble breathing, speaking or swallowing; wheezing, shortness of breath; or swelling of the mouth, tongue or throat

Taking iodide, in rare cases may cause over activity of the thyroid gland, under activity of the thyroid gland, or enlargement of the thyroid gland (goiter). Symptoms of an overactive thyroid gland may include an irregular heart beat and chest pain. Patients with thyroid disease are more likely to get these side effects. Babies under I month of age are likely to get an underachieve thyroid (hypothyroidism).

WHAT TO DO IF SIDE EFFECTS OCCUR
Stop taking Potassium Iodide and call a doctor if you have one or more of the following Syrrptoms:

  • A swelling of the Face, hands or feet
  • Fever and joint pain
  • Skin rash

Stop taking Potassium Iodide and get medical help right away if you have one or MORE of the following
symptoms:

  • Trouble breathing, speaking or swallowing
  • Shortness of breath or wheezing
  • Swelling of the lips, tongue or throat
  • Irregular heart beat or chest pain
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